Trivedi, F. Brooks, F. Bunn, M.
Abstinence-plus comprehensive interventions promote sexual abstinence as the best means of preventing HIV, but also encourage condom use and other safer-sex practices. Some critics of abstinence-plus programs have suggested that promoting safer sex along with abstinence may undermine abstinence messages or confuse program participants; conversely, others have suggested that promoting abstinence might undermine safer-sex messages. We conducted a systematic review to investigate the effectiveness of abstinence-plus interventions for HIV prevention among any participants in high-income countries as defined by the World Bank.
Family planning services are defined as "educational, comprehensive medical or social activities which enable individuals, including minors, to determine freely the number and spacing of their children and to select the means by which this may be achieved". These matters are influenced by external factors such as marital situation, career considerations, financial position, and any disabilities that may affect their ability to have children and raise them. If sexually active, family planning may involve the use of contraception and other techniques to control the timing of reproduction.
A precipitous drop in the US teenage pregnancy rate to record lows was driven by improved use of contraception, a new analysis from the Guttmacher Institute found. There was a marginal significant increase in the use of the IUD or implant from to and in use of the pill overall. There were non-significant increases in condom use and withdrawal, while use of the ring or patch declined significantly over the to period.
Overall rates of injury and death increase dramatically from childhood to late adolescence. Biology also plays a role. The maturation of brain networks responsible for self-regulation often does not occur until late adolescence, making adolescents more likely to engage in risk-taking behaviors.
Email address:. A comprehensive school-based sexual health education and teen pregnancy prevention curriculum to improve high school students' communication and negotiation skills that will help them communicate assertively, abstain from sexual intercourse, and use birth control effectively. Blueprints: Promising.
Although evidence-based crime prevention has been identified as a priority in Canada's political and policy settings, very little is known about the economic efficiency of crime prevention programs in the Canadian context. This is an important issue given current fiscal constraints in this country and around the world. Cost-effectiveness analysis links program outcomes e.
Teenage pregnancy and frequent use of alcohol and drugs in the home environment. Escola Paulista de Medicina. Cases consisted of primigravid teenagers assisted in prenatal care programs in health units. Controls were nulligravid students from state public schools.
Wales faces serious public health challenges, with relatively low life expectancies and wide inequalities in life expectancy with associated pressures on the National Health Service NHS at a time of financial recession. This has led to growing recognition of the need to better understand the range of health improvement and prevention programmes across Welsh Government, NHS, local government and voluntary sector agencies. The panel drew on evidence from a range of sources to explore potential alternative modes of health improvement initiative delivery across Wales.