Lactation is the process of producing breast milk. For women who are pregnant or recently gave birth, lactation is normal. Hormones signal the mammary glands in your body to start producing milk to feed the baby.
Breastfeedingalso known as nursingis the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast. Deaths of an estimatedchildren under the age of five could be prevented globally every year with increased breastfeeding. Benefits for the mother include less blood loss following delivery, better uterus shrinkage, and decreased postpartum depression.
It is possible to establish milk production for an adopted baby, even if you have never been pregnant or given birth. The amount of milk you may produce depends on many factors. Most mothers are able to produce at least a little milk.
In late the Internet Movie Database reported that Dustin Hoffman suddenly had the urge to breast-feed. Had the thenyear-old Hoffman—who brought mainstream culture face to face with autism in Rain Man and went mano a mano with an Ebola-like filovirus in Outbreak —never quite broken character from his film Tootsie? He was just really keen to help out with his first grandchild. Interestingly, he could have possibly lent a helping, er, breast, if he had held the suckling newborn to his nipples for a couple weeks although he could also have tried starving himself or taking a medication that would affect his brain's pituitary gland.
However, many mothers need practical support with positioning their baby for breastfeeding and making sure their baby is correctly attached to the breast. Breastfeeding takes time and practice for both mothers and babies. Breastfeeding is also time intensive, so mothers need space and support at home and work.
Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young. The process can occur with all post- pregnancy female mammalsalthough it predates mammals. Newborn infants often produce some milk from their own breast tissue, known colloquially as witch's milk.
With considerable dedication and preparation, breast-feeding without pregnancy induced lactation might be possible. Normally, the natural production of breast milk lactation is triggered by a complex interaction between three hormones — estrogen, progesterone and human placental lactogen — during the final months of pregnancy. At delivery, levels of estrogen and progesterone fall, allowing the hormone prolactin to increase and initiate milk production.
Per Breastfeeding and Human Lactation Riordan,p. Mothers who have breastfed for a longer duration may be able to express milk for a longer time after weaning. Any stimulation, e. If you stop producing milk after weaning and then start again, it could be due to a new pregnancy or a recent miscarriage.
Most people think about breastfeeding as something that only occurs after a woman has given birth. However, lactation the process of making breastmilk can work in other situations too. For example, it is possible for a woman to start to make milk again after weaning or even if she has never given birth or been pregnant.